Research & Resources

On this page, we strive to maintain an up-to-date, comprehensive list of published research and grey literature on Malawi’s mining sector. Instead of a traditional list of references, we opted to categorise resources in thematic groups and list chronologically with the newest resources listed first.

Please leave a comment on this page if you know of other documents that should be added to this list, such as your own research, or notice a broken link.

All gated/restricted documents are marked with an asterisk*. Books and resources not accessible online are listed in the second section.

Overview of the Mining Sector

Malawi – Mining Law 2016, Felisah Rose Kilembe, International Comparative Legal Guides

Extractive Industries Sourcebook:

Publish What You Pay Malawi. (May 2016). Making Minerals Meaningful: An Analysis of Malawi’s Mines and Minerals Bill in light of the African Mining Vision.

Malunga, G. and Phalira, W. (July 2015). Assessment of Mining Policy Implementation in Malawi Sutdy Report. Centre for Environmental Policy and Advocacy.

BRGM (the French Geological Survey). (April 2015). Georesources of Malawi: a pre-assessment. Geological Survey Department.

Scottish Malawi Partnership. (2015). Understanding the landscape of extractive industries in Malawi: a listening exercise. Members Briefing Paper.

Gilbert, D. (2015). Malawian Voices, Malawi’s Natural Resources: Extractive Industries Listening Exercise.

Kachika, T. (December 2014). Gender assessment of the extractive industries in Malawi. United Nations Women.

Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace. (August 2014) Comparative Analysis – Land Displacement, Involuntary Resettlement & Compensation Practices in Mining Sector.

NCA, ActionAid, CEPA. (March 2014). Joint baseline study on mining sector.

Kamlongera, Paul Justice. (2013). The mining boom in Malawi: implications for community development. Community Development Journal 48(3): 377-390.

Norwegian Church Aid/Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace. (June 2013). Malawi’s mining opportunity: Increasing revenues, improving legislation. Curtis Research.

Tilitonse Fund. (May 2013). Political economy analysis of mining in Malawi. Final Report.

Yager, Thomas R. (May 2013). The Mineral Industry of Malawi. 2011 Minerals Yearbook. United States Geological Survey.

Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace. (December 2012). Mapping of Extractive Companies in Malawi.

Malawi Ministry of Energy and Mines. Facebook Page. Last updated in November 2012.

Ministry of Development Planning and Cooperation. (2011). Annual economic report 2011. Government of Malawi.

United States Geological Survey. (October 2011). 2010 minerals yearbook: Malawi. Advance Release.

World Bank. (July 2009). Malawi mineral sector review: Source of economic growth and development. Report No. 50160-MW.

Mshali, Rodney. (2009). Mineral resources of Malawi and mining potentialThe Society of Malawi Journal 62(2): 27-35.*

Dill, H.G. (2007). A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral depositsJournal of African Earth Sciences 47(3): 153-173.*

Hajat, Rafiq. (June 2007). Malawi and its minerals: are Malawians benefiting? Resource Insight 2. Southern Africa Resource Watch.

Ericsson, Magnus. (1987) The mining industry of MalawiMinerals & Energy – Raw Materials Report 5(2): 44-47.*


Malunga, Grain W.P. (2014). An Analysis of Mineral Resources of Malawi. ISBN 978-99908-950-0-1

Malunga, Grain W. P. (2013). Earth Science and Human Geography for Malawi. ISBN 99908-911-9-2.

Carter GS, Bennet JD. (1973). The Geology and Mineral Resources of Malawi. Bulletin No 6, 2nd Ed., Government print, Zomba: Malawi.

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Malawi:

Ministry of Finance and Development Cooperation. (October 2011). Malawi EITI: Processes and work done in the EITI debate in Malawi.

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

Hilson, Gavin. (2011). Artisanal Mining, Smallholder Farming and Economic Development in Rural sub-Saharan Africa: An IntroductionJournal of International Development 23(8): 1031-1041.*

Kamlongera, Paul Justice. (2011). Making the poor ‘poorer’ or alleviating poverty? Artisanal mining livelihoods in rural MalawiJournal of International Development 23(8): 1128-1139.*

Kamlongera, Paul Justice & Hilson, Gavin. (2011). Poverty alleviation in rural Malawi: Is there a role for artisanal mining? Journal of East African Studies 5(1): 42-69.*

Dreschler, Bernd. (2001) Small-scale mining and sustainable development within the SADC region, Country Study including Malawi commissioned by Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development. International Institute for Environment and Development.


ActionAid International. (June 2015) An Extractive Affair: How one Australian mining company’s tax dealings are costing the world’s poorest country millions. With Paladin Energy’s response to this report and correspondence with ActionAid International here.

Salcito, Kendyl and Wielga, Mark. (2015).  Kayelekera Human Rights Impact Assessment Monitoring Summary. NomoGaia.

Chareyron, Bruno. (February 2015). Impact of Kayelekera Uranium Mine, Malawiejolt report 21.

Chareyron, Bruno. (November 2014). Uranium mining: Unveiling the impacts of the nuclear industry. ejolt report 15.

Nomogaia. 2013. Human Rights Impact Assessment and Monitoring of Kayelekera Uranium Mine 2009-2013.

Masebo, Wilfred. (February 2013). Backgrounder: The Kayelekera Uranium Mine and economic development in MalawiAfrica Portal 53.

Dasnois, Nicolas. (September 2012). Uranium mining in Africa: A continent at the centre of a global nuclear renaissance. Occasional Paper 122South African Institute of International Affairs.

Chinoko, Mike. (May 2012). Mitigation of legal risks in project finance: Lessons for Malawi. LLM Thesis. University of Pretoria.

Citizens for Justice and Friends of the Earth. (May 2011). Uranium Mining in Malawi: Perspectives on National Legislation – The license to loot and plunder

Citizens for Justice and Friends of the Earth. (May 2011). Scramble for the Yellow Cake in Malawi

ten Kate, Albert & Wilde-Ramsing, Joseph. (February 2011). Radioactive revenues: Financial flows between uranium mining companies and African governmentsSOMO Working Papers Series. Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations/World Information Service on Energy.

Kachale, Mary. (2010). The efficacy of international regulation of uranium mining: Malawi as a case studyCommonwealth Law Bulletin 36(4): 653-677.*

Wielga, Mark, Salcito, Kendyl, & Wise, Elizabeth. (November 2010). Paladin Energy Human Rights Impact Assessment: Kayelekera Uranium Project of Karonga District, north Malawi. NomoGaia. DRAFT.

Boylan, Jessie. (March 2010). Paladin to Set Uranium ‘Standard’ in MalawiChain Reaction 108: 40-41.*

Christian Aid. (May 2008). Malawi: the way forward? In Death and taxes: the true toll of tax dodging: 17-18.

Bowden, R. A. & Shaw, R. P. (2007). The Kayelekera uranium deposit, Northern Malawi: past exploration activities, economic geology and decay series disequilibriumApplied Earth Science 116(2): 55-67.*

Hajat, Rafiq. (2007). Kayelekera: The uranium saga. Institute for Policy Interaction.

Mudd, Gavin M., & Smith, Howard D. (November 2006). Comments on the proposed Kayelekera Uranium Project Environmental Impact Assessment Report. Monash University.

Nuclear Monitor. (November 2005). Concerns over uranium mining in Malawi. 638. World Information Service on Energy.

Lake Malawi Dispute

Patry, Marc and Peter Howard. (May 2014). Mission Report: Reactive Monitoring Mission to Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi) 30th March to 4th April 2014. UNESCO World Heritage Centre.

Gilbert, Daniel. (November 2013). Lake Nyasa/Malawi: an instance of international customary (water) law and colonial-era bilateral treaties. EI Sourcebook. Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy, University of Dundee.

The Nation. (14 April 2013). The Malawi-Tanzania border dispute: Voices from the frontierExclusive Inquiry.

Mlenga, Joe. (February 2013). The role of the Malawi media in the Malawi-Tanzania border disputePractitioner Notes No. 1. Centre for Mediation in Africa, University of Pretoria.

Chikaya Banda, Janet. (December 2012). A report about oil exploration and production in Malawi: Policy and legal audit. Citizens for Justice.

Potts, Richard. (October 1999). An NSF/ICDP Workshop on Scientific Drilling on Lakes Malawi and Tanganyika Workshop Report. Lake Malawi Drilling Project.

Mayall, James. (1973). The Malawi-Tanzania boundary dispute. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 11(4): 611-628.*

Office of the Geographer, Bureau of Intelligence and Research. (13 August 1971). Malawi-Mozambique Boundary. International Boundary Study 112. Department of State, United States of America.

Office of the Geographer, Bureau of Intelligence and Research. (1964). Malawi-Tanzania (Tanganyika and Zanzibar) Boundary. International Boundary Study 37. Department of State, United States of America.


Maneya, George Jameson. (2012). An integrated study of coal geology and potential Environmental Impact Assessment at Mchenga Coal Mine in Livingstonia Coalfield in Malawi. MSc (Geology) thesis. University of Fort Hare.

Chipofya, V.H., Gondwe, M., Mapila, S., and Chinula, L. (2000). Impact of coal mining on the quality of air and water around Mchenga coal mine, Rumphi district, MalawiMalawi Journal of Science and Technology 5: 50-55.*

Chipofya, V.H. (2000). Situation analysis on effect of coal mining in the mitigation of deforestation in Malawi. Presented at World Renewable Energy Congress 6, Brighton, United Kingdom 1-7 July 2000.*


Guastoni, Alessandro, Kondo, David & Nestola, Fabrizio. (2010). Bastnäsite-(Ce) and Parisite-(Ce) From Mt. Malosa, MalawiGems and Gemology 46(1): 42-47.*


Gondwe, Kondwani, Allen, Alistair, Georgsson, Lúdvík S., Loga, Ufulu and Gift Tsokonombwe. (2012). Geothermal development in Malawi – a country update.

Dulanya, Zuze. (2006). Geothermal resources of Malawi – an overview. Thirty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering
Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 30-February 1, 2006.

Building materials

Mills, Jack. (2000). A technical discussion of mining operations in the lime and cement industries of Zambia and Malawi. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

Rare Earth Elements

Oxfam. (2016). Future mining revenues for Malawi: A case study of Mkango’s Songwe Hill Project.

The Nation. (2 June 2013). Battle lines drawn: An examination of the conflict involving local people, miners and conservationists over Mulanje MountainExclusive Inquiry.

Wall, F. & Mariano, A.N. (1996). Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: A discussion centered on the Kangankunde Carbonatite, Malawi. In Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits, (eds.) A.P. Jones, Frances Wall, C.T. Williams.*

Malunga, Grain W.P., Samama, Jean-Claude & Houot, Robert. (1991). Rare earths potential in MalawiMaterials Science Forum: 193-204.*


Developing Markets Associates. (2013). Investing in Malawi 2013.

Nsiku, Nelson. (December 2012). Assessing investment incentives in Malawi. Policy Brief. Trade Knowledge Network/International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Kenani James. (2010). Taxation of foreign investments in Malawi: Lessons from Japan. Yokohama National University. MPRA Paper 28191.

KPMG India. (2009). Blantyre, Malawi: Potential opportunities for investment.


Dinkelmann, Taryn, and Martin Mariotti. (March 2014). What are the long run effects of labor migration on human capital? Evidence from MalawiDraft.

Chirwa, Wiseman Chijere. (1998). Aliens and AIDS in southern Africa: The Malawi-South Africa debateAfrican Affairs 97(386): 53-79.*


Gamula, Gregory E.T., Hui, Liu & Peng, Wuyuan. (2013). An Overview of the Energy Sector in Malawi. Energy and Power Engineering 5: 8-17.


Lall, Somik V., Wang, Hyoung & Munthali, Thomas. (November 2009). Explaining High Transport Costs within Malawi: Bad Roads or Lack of Trucking Competition? Policy Research Working Paper 5133. World Bank.

CSR, Transparency and Human Rights

Regional Network for Equity in Health in East and Southern Africa. (2016). Corporate responsibility for health in the extractive sector in East and Southern AfricaDiscussion Paper 108.

Publish What You Pay Malawi. (July 2016). Narrative Annual Report From April 2015 to June 2016.

Danish Institute for Human Rights/Citizens for Justice. (August 2015). Human Rights and Business Country Guide Malawi.

Mzembe, Andrew Ngawenja & Meaton, Julia. (2013). Driving corporate social responsibility in the Malawian mining industry: A stakeholder perspectiveCorporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management Online Early View.*

Mzembe, Andrew. (2012). Corporate Social Responsibility in Malawi: Case Studies of the Mining and Agricultural Industries. Doctoral thesis, The University of Huddersfield.*

The Benchmarks Foundation. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility and the Mining Sector in Southern Africa: A Focus on Mining in Malawi, South Africa and ZambiaThe Policy Gap Series.

9 responses to “Research & Resources

  1. Dear all,
    I’m a Sociology student from the KULeuven (Belgium). I’m writing my thesis about the miners’ quality of work in Malawi.
    I’m searching for numbers about how many miners got injured of died while working in the last years. Can anybody help me with this? If so, please e-mail

    • Marjan, thanks for your comment. Aggregate figures are not readily available. Some companies report on a quarterly basis about lost-time injury frequency rates. Paladin Energy Ltd. publishes this information in their quarterly reports, which are available online. We will also email you.

  2. Hi,
    I am currently doing research on impact of mining on groundwater resources in Malawi. Do you have any data that could be helpful? I am especially interested in Southern region, small scale mining etc.

    my email:

  3. Grain W. P. Malunga wrote two books titled “Earth Science and Human Geography for Malawi” ISBN 99908-911-9-2 in 2013 and “An Analysis of Mineral Resources of Malawi” ISBN 978-99908-950-0-1 in 2014.

    • Many thanks for the feedback. We have included these works in the list. Please let us know how these can be purchased so we can include this information as well. Thanks.

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